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11:55 Wednesday

United Arab Emirates

The United Arab Emirates or UAE for short, is located in the southeast end of the Arabian Peninsula on the Persian Gulf, bordering Oman to the east and Saudi Arabia to the south, as well as sharing sea borders with Qatar, Iran and Pakistan.

Established on 2nd of December 1971, the country is a federation of seven emirates. A hereditary emir who jointly forms the Federal Supreme Council, which is the highest legislative and executive body in the country, governs each emirate. One of the emirs is selected as the President of the United Arab Emirates. The constituent emirates are Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah, and Umm al-Quwain. The capital is Abu Dhabi, which is one of the two centers of commercial and cultural activities, together with Dubai.

The earliest known human habitation in the UAE dated from 5500 BC. At this early stage, there was proof of interaction with the outside world and by the 1st century AD overland caravan traffic between Syria and cities in southern Iraq began. Pearl trading was at its peak during this time.

The arrival of envoys from the Islamic prophet Muhammad in 630 reportedly heralded the conversion of the region to Islam. Portuguese expansion into the Indian Ocean in the early 16th century saw this region come under the Portuguese rule between 1506 and 1620. In the Emirates, Portuguese forts were constructed all along the East Coast beginning in the north at Dibba and proceeding south to Khor Fakkan, Fujairah, Sharjah and Ras al-Khaimah. Remnants of the Portuguese forts have been located at Bidya and Julfar, but the ruins of the remaining ones continue to elude archaeologists and historians. By the early seventeenth century, the Portuguese were beginning to suffer from the efforts of the East India Company to expel them from the region. They were dislodged from their base on Bahrain in 1602, from Bandar Abbas in southern Iran in 1615, and from Ras al-Khaimah in 1620.

Between 1744 and 1891, the Emirate was officially a part of the First Saudi State, and after the Ottoman–Saudi War, was officially part of the Second Saudi State. Despite this, the first and second Saudi states had very little influence and control over the Emirates and the Emirates also had an extremely high degree of autonomy. After the Ottoman-Saudi War in 1818, which led to the collapse of the first Saudi state, the British eventually got the upper hand. British expeditions to protect the Indian trade from raiders at Ras al-Khaimah led to campaigns against that headquarters and other harbors along the coast in 1819. The following year, Britain and local rulers signed a treaty to combat piracy along the Persian-Gulf coast. From this, and from later agreements, the area became known as the Trucial Coast. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, the pearling industry thrived in the relatively calm sea, providing both income and employment to the people of the Persian Gulf. It began to become a good economic resource for the local people. Then the First World War had a severe impact on the pearl fishery, but it was the economic depression of the late 1920s and early 1930s, coupled with the Japanese invention of the cultured pearl, that all but destroyed it.

Oil was first discovered in the 1950s. At the beginning of the 1960s, the first oil company teams carried out preliminary surveys and the first cargo of crude was exported from Abu Dhabi in 1962. As oil revenues increased, the ruler of Abu Dhabi, Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, undertook a massive construction program, building schools, housing, hospitals and roads. When the British-Trucial Sheikhdoms treaty expired on 1 December 1971, they became fully independent.  The rulers of Abu Dhabi and Dubai decided to form a union between their two emirates independently, prepare a constitution, then call the rulers of the other five emirates to a meeting and offer them the opportunity to join. It was also agreed between the two that the constitution be written by 2 December 1971. On that date, at the Dubai Guesthouse Palace, four other emirates agreed to enter into a union called the United Arab Emirates. Bahrain and Qatar declined their invitations to join the union. Ras al-Khaimah joined later, in early 1972. In February 1972, the Federal National Council (FNC) was created; it was a 40 member consultative body appointed by the seven rulers. The UAE joined the Arab League in 1971. It was a founding member of the Gulf Cooperation Council in May 1981, with Abu Dhabi hosting the first summit.


5.5 Million


83,600 Sq Kms


The highest federal authority is the Supreme Council of Rulers comprising the absolute rulers of the seven emirates. Decisions reached by the council must have the agreement of at least five members, including Abu Dhabi and Dubai, the two largest members. The council appoints a president to act as head of state. There are no political parties.


220 volts AC, 50Hz. Square three-pin plugs are widespread.



National citizens of the following countries will be granted a free of charge visa for a single visit upon arrival in the UAE:  Andorra, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brunei, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, San Marino, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, United States, Vatican City. Citizens of all other countries will need to apply for visa prior to entry at a cost.

Passports should have a validity of at least 6 months in order to be eligible for entry visas and the passport should have at least one empty page available.  Temporary passports are generally not accepted.

The above information and rules may vary from time to time and it is therefore best to check with your local UAE embassy or the airline that you are using to fly to the UAE.


Abu Dhabi International Airport (AUH)

Dubai International Airport (DXB)

Sharjah International Airport (SHJ)

Fujairah International Airport (FJR)

Al Ain International Airport (AAN)

Ras Al Khaimah International Airport (RKT)

Easy accessibility with less than 8 hours from Europe and the Far East, State of the art Airports, over 150 airlines providing direct links with more than 220 destinations around the globe & geographical location makes this destination a great choice.


UAE weather is sunny all the year round, enjoying a sub-tropical climate. Although the months between June and September are the hottest, when the temperatures soar up to 113°F or 45°C, the cooler months are characterized by infrequent spells of rainfall during the months of December and March. The Best weather time to travel to UAE is between September and May.

Time zone:

GMT +3


The monetary until is the Dirham (AED) that is divided into 100 fils. The official exchange rate is US$ 1 = AED 3.675 right now


Alcohol is available in all clubs and restaurants and pubs/bars that are located in hotels as well as licensed restaurants outside hotels. However, you cannot consume alcohol in general public places or drive under the influence at all.


Lightweight summer clothing can be worn for most of the year but the temperature can drop quite sharply at night during the winter. Dubai is rather relaxed for attire; shorts and skirts are acceptable for ladies.


Friday & Saturday for public sector


The National Language is Arabic but English is the most spoken language in Dubai.


Dubai is a veritable shopper’s paradise! Dubai is famous for offering top international brand at unbelievable reasonable prices. Independent shops are generally open 10:00 to 13:00 & 16:00 to 22:00 opening hours at shopping malls in throughout the day 10:00 to 22:00. However on Friday, they open 14:00 to 22:00. Some even stay open until midnight.

Sports Facilities:

As Dubai enjoys sunshine all year round, outdoor sports are extremely popular. Sports enthusiasts are well catered for and the city’s facilities for golf, diving, go carting, tennis, cricket, jet-skiing, flying, horse riding, all kinds of water-sports and deep sea fishing are truly world-class.


No vaccination needed for visitor to Dubai


Dubai is almost a crime-free city. And the occurrence of domestic crimes is rare 


Ramadan is the Islamic season of fasting and lasts for 30 days. During this period, there are a few minimal restrictions in Dubai, which are imposed by the government as respect to the local culture and traditions, Visitors are asked to refrain from consuming food, drinks, chewing gum and smoking in public during fasting hours (dawn to dusk) as a sign of respect. Most restaurants within international hotels are open during the day. Room service is available as normal during the day in all hotels. Catering facilities and lunches during special functions and conferences operate normally but do not serve alcohol before 7 PM. Most nightclubs operate with different timings (mostly 19:00 to 01:00) and have background music instead of live entertainment. Business and working hours in Ramadan are slightly different too, but that is only minimal and does not affect the flow of business and normal working hours are covered at all time with shifts.

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